Shibori Techniques and Pronunciations
Resists can be created by pulling up the threads of prepared hand stitched fabric. Any number of looks can be achieved and floral, organic, geometric patterns and textures are all within the realms of hand stitching. On a single layer of fabric hira-nui shibori can produce shibori ‘drawings’, designs or linear patterns and can be used to create sugi-nui stripes. Working on folded fabric with hishaki-nui stitching which drifts away from and then back to the fold, differing symmetrical shapes occur to form linear patterns. A more considered approach results in many variations of Hinode, the Sunrise pattern. Compositions can be created with ori-nui shibori which is also traditionally used to create the marvellous Tatewaku pattern of undulating lines.
ADVANCED STITCHED TECHNIQUES
Advanced stitched shibori techniques include a range of miru shibori shapes and the circle is used in various placements for Karamatsu, the Japanese larch pattern. The ori-nui technique is further developed to produce elliptical awase nui shibori and another development which brightens the resist is kamiate shibori. Both approaches can be used for the complex shippō-tsunagi pattern of linked circles. Any number of renditions can bring about exciting new motifs.
Single rows of stitching look dramatic on dark indigo.
Another name for hira-nui shibori.
The woodgrain pattern also resembles water.
Kawari mokume shibori
Diamonds and chevrons appear.
Controlled stitching brings about stripes.
A technique to ‘draw’ with or to surround shapes.
A repeat pattern evoking sunset and sunrise.
Parrellel undulating row or rows on the fold axis create symmetrical shapes.
Varied undulating patterns are used in many cultures.
Can be used as a broad border or as a much finer stripe.
The elliptical format is used traditionally for the linked circle pattern.
A brighter resist is given to awase-nui.
A linked circle pattern. Image courtesy of John Ruddy.
Symmetrical motifs can be worked large or small scale.
Repeated circles create the Japanese Larch pattern.
This stitch will result in a feathered look resist.
Regimented placements created this ‘Military’ shibori.
Shapes have a radiating criss-cross infill pattern.
A technique that brings about a bright, summery look.
This group of techniques must surely have been the first to appear in many countries. It includes the ever popular bound motif of tie-dye. Resists are creating by binding around a plucked up section of fabric with a fine strong thread. The simplest method would produce the delightful ne maki shibori motif – the tiny thread resisted ring. In Kyoto, a sophisticated method was developed to produce numerous types of tiny dots which can be referred to in general terms as kanoko shibori. In this binding section we also find maki-age shibori, a technique that combines stitching with binding.
Advanced binding techniques
The essence of the technique is carried through to shin eri, binding to a central core such as rope, or a wooden dowel where it can also include boshi methods. Also bomaki shibori.
Several, carefully placed.
Techniques were developed in Kyoto for pattern & texture. Closely placed.
Different sized dots are spaciously placed.
Controlled shapes can be organic, figurative and geometric.